Back focus
Imagine a terrible picture: you bought a reflex camera, and the pictures from it come out fuzzy. However, if you look closely at the pictures, you will find that the…

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Image angle
The angle of the image or the angular field of the lens is the angle formed by the rays connecting the extreme opposite points of the frame with the optical…

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Shine
Light is the heart of photography. The camera does not see the image. For him, there are no lines, no shapes, no textures. A film or digital sensor is susceptible…

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novice photographer

How to find out the pixel size of a matrix?

Why might a photographer need a pixel size? There are enough such situations. Knowing the pixel size can be useful for determining safe shutter speeds when shooting with handhelds, because the smaller the pixel, the more noticeable the camera shake appears in the pictures, and the shorter shutter speed may be needed to eliminate movement. Having no idea about the pixel size of the matrix of your camera, you can not seriously talk about the depth of field, since the allowable diameter of the scattering circle directly depends on the size of the pixel. The value of the diffraction-limited aperture for a particular camera also depends on the pixel size. Finally, it is possible that when comparing multiple cameras, you will want to find out which one has a higher pixel density, which means it provides better detail and is more suitable for shooting distant objects.

The instructions for digital cameras very rarely indicate the pixel size of the matrix, but, fortunately, this parameter is quite easy to calculate on your own.

In most instructions, you can find information about the physical size of the photomatrix, as well as its linear resolution, Continue reading

Image angle

The angle of the image or the angular field of the lens is the angle formed by the rays connecting the extreme opposite points of the frame with the optical center of the lens. In other words, this is the maximum angular size of an object that can be captured using this lens.

The wide angle of the image allows the lens to cover more space due to the small scale of the image. The narrow angle of the image shows less space, but on a larger scale.

Since the frame has a rectangular shape, it is necessary to distinguish the angular field, measured horizontally, vertically and diagonally. In the technical characteristics of photographic lenses, the largest, i.e. Continue reading

Lens aberration

Aberration of a photographic lens is the last thing a novice photographer should think about. They absolutely do not affect the artistic value of your photos, and their impact on the technical quality of images is negligible. Nevertheless, if you do not know what to take your time, reading this article will help you understand the variety of optical aberrations and methods of dealing with them, which, of course, is invaluable for real photo-erudite.

Aberrations of the optical system (in our case, the photographic lens) is the imperfection of the image, Continue reading

HDR panorama
HDR is a technology that has existed for more than a year and is an adaptation of the image to the peculiarities of our eyes (the eye never sees the…

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Macro shot
The word "macro photography" usually means photographs taken on a sufficiently large, but still not microscopic scale, i.e. from about 1:10 to 1: 1. Pictures with a scale exceeding 1:…

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Lens device
The lens should be considered a key component of an optical device called a camera. That's right: not a matrix, but a lens. A photograph is an image, and nothing…

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How to learn to take pictures
Why are amateur pictures so weak? First of all, because the ordinary photographer is not aware of their weaknesses. This is not a big deal if the snapshot function is…

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