For full control over the process of obtaining a digital image, it is necessary, at least in general terms, to imagine the device and the principle of operation of a digital camera.
The only fundamental difference between a digital camera and a film camera is the nature of the photosensitive material used in them. If in a film camera this is a film, then in a digital one – a photosensitive matrix. And just as the traditional photographic process is inseparable from the properties of the film, so the digital photoprocess largely depends on how the matrix converts the light focused on it by the lens into a digital code.
The principle of the photomatrix
The photosensitive matrix or photosensor is an integrated microcircuit (in other words, a silicon wafer), Continue reading