Camera modes
Today, any digital camera offers the photographer a frightening variety of shooting modes. Due to the fact that the instructions for the cameras describe the features and purpose of a…

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Basic camera settings
I recommend to any novice photographer, whenever possible, to actively use the automation of the camera. This applies to matrix metering, autofocus, automatic white balance, and everything else that only…

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Composition
Composition is the most important aspect of art photography. Composition is the art of arranging the various elements of the image in the most harmonious manner that meets the creative…

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Time for shooting

Not every beautiful scene constantly looks really beautiful. Moreover, as a rule, we must make a lot of effort, be patient and observant in order to show the subject in its best form.

In studio shooting, when you are in full control of the situation, you can allow yourself to take pictures at any time convenient for you or your models. When you go outside, you have to reckon with external lighting, which dramatically changes over the course of one day.

The following two photos were taken at intervals of 12 hours:

Chalky quarries, morning.

What an amazing change! It seems that these are two completely different landscapes, but the pictures were taken from almost the same point.

Times of Day

Noon is not the best time to take pictures. The sky above the head is faded, pale blue, and the horizon is almost white, which is especially noticeable if there is a lot of dust in the air. Blinding sunlight gives rise to flat, inexpressive colors, bright highlights and black, devoid of shadow detail. The contrast is so great that people’s faces turn into whitish masks with black eye sockets in the pictures. About two hours before sunset, the air, as a rule, becomes more transparent, the sky becomes saturated blue, the sunlight gets a warmer shade, the contrast softens, and all colors look more intense and vibrant. At this time, as well as an hour or two after sunrise, the landscapes in the photographs will look exactly the way you want them to look in clear sunny weather.

If the weather is cloudy during the day and the sky is obscured by clouds, you can use this soft diffused light for portraits or for macro photography, i.e. where, the lower the contrast, the better. From landscape scenes in cloudy weather it is especially good to shoot the thicket, where direct sunlight, breaking through the interweaving of branches, would turn the delicate chiaroscuro into an unthinkable mishmash from which ripples in the eyes. The general rule for shooting on a cloudy day is to avoid getting into the frame of the sky. In most cases, it comes out with a white overexposed spot, so be careful.

The last hour before sunset is called the Golden Hour. In the morning, they correspond to it for about half an hour after sunrise. This is the best time for shooting landscapes, architecture, portraits, and indeed everything that you can shoot in the fresh air. The contrast is relatively soft, the colors are rich and saturated, the shadows are long, emphasizing the relief and texture, but not so dark as to fall into blackness. The old barn looks like a palace, being lit by these magical golden rays. Take a photo of the wasteland with rusty trash cans and people looking at your photos will want to settle there. If you take something really spectacular – mountain slopes covered with fir trees, a rocky seashore, a picturesque forest lake or a photogenic model posing against the backdrop of the above beauties, then you are definitely at risk of getting a photo that will be worth the time and effort spent on it.

Crane Lake. Golden hour.
With sunset or sunrise, everything is relatively simple. If the sunset is beautiful, which happens far not as often as we would like it to be, you shoot it, if not, you wait for what will happen next. Sunset or dawn, if the conditions are favorable, is the peak of color, and their beauty is obvious. It is much more important not to oversleep the dawn and not to eat the sunset, as most people do. If you are expecting beautiful flowers, make adjustments to your schedule. Pay attention to the clouds. If the sky is absolutely clear, you will probably see the sunset, but with a high degree of probability it will be dull. If the weather is cloudy, then most likely you will not see the sunset, but even if the clouds in the west part and let the outgoing sunlight pass, you will get the opportunity to observe a picture that is grandiose in its drama. The most colorful, stunning imagination sunsets require the sky is not clear, but not cloudy – you need a combination of light transparent clouds and torn gaps between them.

Sunset
In the morning, everything happens in approximately the same way, only in the reverse order, except that the colors at dawn are slightly colder, because the air in the morning is cleaner and less scattered by red rays. In addition, in the morning you are more likely to catch the fog that gathers in the lowlands and spreads over the water.

After sunset, the fun may begin. The clouds, illuminated from below by the sun just hidden behind the horizon, show an amazing richness of shades of red. The purple light, replacing the golden dawn, flares up on the western edge of the sky and goes out about half an hour after sunset. This light is especially bright in dry weather, when there is a lot of dust in the air. If at this time you turn around 180 degrees and look east, you can see a softly lit landscape of a crimson hue, almost no different in brightness from the sky, pink below and turning higher into lilac, purple and, finally, blue.

RAW or JPEG?
The electrical signal generated at the time of shooting by the matrix of a digital camera enters the camera processor as an array of digitized, but not yet processed or,…

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Exposure: Theory
A good exposure is critical for quality photography. However, the essence of the exposure is extremely simple. Exposure is just the amount of light entering the photosensor. The process of…

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Exposure: Theory
A good exposure is critical for quality photography. However, the essence of the exposure is extremely simple. Exposure is just the amount of light entering the photosensor. The process of…

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Lens aberration
Aberration of a photographic lens is the last thing a novice photographer should think about. They absolutely do not affect the artistic value of your photos, and their impact on…

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